Lean Production can also be called integrated production system. The car manufacturer Toyota had pioneered this type of production organisation. During the 1980s, Toyota had the Toyota Production System (TPS). It helped to achieve higher quality, less waste and a higher amount of cars while using fewer resources. Lean production focuses on the economical and efficient use of means of production, raw materials, staff, planning and organisation. The productivity of the production factors and the quality of the products are to be optimized, as is the flexibility of the production system.
The goal of Lean Production is to avoid and eliminate waste in material, staff and time. Lean Production, based on the Toyota Production System, is the basis for Lean Management, but is mostly considered to be subordinate to it. It is not just a stand-alone production system, but a business philosophy, where the reduction of waste is implemented on all levels of production and management.